In the live thesis building blogxperiment I edit (digest, compile, write, rewrite, delete) my ongoing doctoral thesis in blog posts and put the parts together on thesis live. The title: The physiologic role of stem cells in tissues with different regenerative potential.
1.1 Stem cells and regenerative medicine: basic concepts
/turnover: cellular turnover/
The concept of biological turnover (rate) can be interpreted on many levels: molecules, molecular pathways (signaling), organelles, cells, tissues, organs. The turnover rate by which a biological entity is replaced can be quantified by measuring its half-life. /In abstract form “the half-life of a quantity whose value decreases with time is the interval required for the quantity to decay to half of its initial value” (Wikipedia) I have to check whether it is problematic to explicitly use a Wikipedia entry – I am sure it is used implicitly – in a PhD thesis/ The concept of half-life refers to the time required for an initial quantity of entity E to decay half of its initial value. According to Caplan [reference]: “Every cell in the body has a specific half-life; every cell comes to maturation and will, predictably, drop dead in due course.” For instance erythrocytes have half-lives of 60-90 days and the turnover rate of hepatocytes is 1-2 times/year. On Figure 1 from Caplan the lineage development of a differentiated cell and its replacement cell is delineated. The relative position of these two curves to one another defines growth, steady-state, or atrophy depending on when the first cell dies and when its replacement, the second cell, comes online. /I am not sure here how to solve the problem of legends in the case of figures coming from the literature but I figure it out, here is/