Out of 8 embryo cells: if 1 turned to an ES cell, 7 could still become a child

chungetalblastomereAt least I know how to start my stem cell comprehensive exam tomorrow (The trick is to use blastocyst medium supplemented with laminin and fibronectin):

Human Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Generated without Embryo Destruction

Young Chung, Irina Klimanskaya, Sandy Becker, Tong Li, Marc Maserati, Shi-Jiang Lu, Tamara Zdravkovic, Dusko Ilic, Olga Genbacev, Susan Fisher, Ana Krtolica, and Robert Lanza

“To date, the derivation of all human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines has involved destruction of embryos. We previously demonstrated that hESCs can be generated from single blastomeres (Klimanskaya et al., 2006). In that ‘‘proof-of-principle’’ study, multiple cells were removed from each embryo and none of the embryos were allowed to continue development. Here we report the derivation of five hESC lines without embryo destruction, including one without hESC coculture. Single blastomeres were removed from the embryos by using a technique similar to preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). The biopsied embryos were grown to the blastocyst stage and frozen. The blastomeres were cultured by using a modified approach aimed at recreating the ICM niche, which substantially improved the efficiency of the hESC derivation to rates comparable to whole embryo derivations. All five lines maintained normal karyotype and markers of pluripotency for up to more than 50 passages and differentiated into all three germ layers.”

Legend: “(A) Stages of derivation of hES cells from single blastomere. (a) Blastomere biopsy, (b) biopsied blastomere (arrow) and parent embryo are developing next to each other, (c) initial outgrowth of single blastomere on MEFs, 6 days, and (d) colony of single blastomere-derived hES cells.”

Context link: Wired: Embryonic Stem Cells Created Without Harming Embryo, for Real This Time

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